In the Mediterranean, between the blue Adriatic Sea, Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro, its place found a "geographic bird with the open wings" - Croatia. It is a Mediterranean country extremely interesting because of the peculiar variety of spaces that united into a fantastic complex and each part of it is very special and unique. For example, Croatia has lakes and hills in the continental part (central Croatia and Slavonia), the mountains in Gorski Kotar and Lika, and a stunning long coastline along the Adriatic Sea (Istria, Dalmatia, and the shoreline Primorje).
Croatia its spatially divided into: lowland or Pannonian region, coastal and mountainous region. Predominant is the lowland region, and in the mountainous and coastal regions are not so many high relief. Croatian highest mountains are Dinara, Kamešnica, Biokovo, Velebit, Great Chapel, Risnjak Svilaja and Snježnik, none exceeding a height of 2000 metres (6561.68 ft). The Coastal regions are bordering with Italy through the Adriatic Sea, which was legendarily named by Hadriji, the old colony of Etruscans. Its depth is not equal in the north and south part. The northern part is relatively shallow, while in the south part the average depth is around 240 metres (787.40 ft).
Did you know that Croatia is also called "Land of Thousand Islands"? It is understandable to be given that name as there are 1246 (67 inhabited), or more precisely: 79 islands, 525 islets, and 642 cliffs. The Mediterranean vegetations which prevails in them makes the islands special and ideal for those who like to relax in the nature all year around. The most significant is maquis (bushes) consisting of laurel, arbutus, holly and other similar plants that belong to the oak family. Beside the bushes, there are many interesting rocky areas where we find spiky and fragrant herbs such as sage, wormwood, and brambles. In nature walks, it is possible to come across some animals that live there, maybe a small wildly such as a rabbit or a partridge bird flying over you .
The Adriatic Sea is known for its transparency, which reaches a depth of 56 metres (183.72 ft), and its rich wildlife, which hides in its depths. All this makes Croatia the ideal destination for the lovers of sea, sun, and adventurer’s eager to study the natural beauty. For example, if you're diving, you will be interested in information that Croatia has more than 85 interesting diving locations where you can see stunning views of sea caves, coral meadows, and the remains of warships, which are blended in with the natural resources of the marine world.
The inland waters are a special beauty. In Croatia there are many inland waters that are worth mentioning: mineral, thermal, and spring waters which are under-utilized today. Among Croatian rivers, the best known is Sava (Croatia's longest river), the Dunav, Drava, Mirna, Rasa, Zrmanja, Krka and Cetina.
Lakes in Croatia are not large, however, they stand out for their extraordinary beauty. Among the most special, we can consider the Plitvice Lakes, Red Lake, Blue Lake, Lake Vrana, Prokljansko lake Peručko, Trakošćansko, Lokvarsko and Bajersko Lake.
Natural attractions that are definitely worth mentioning are the national parks: the Plitvice Lakes, Krka, Northern Velebit, Brijuni, Kornati, Paklenica, Risnjak and Mljet. These are the places where a nature has created their own small and great arts, unique works, and a man is given the opportunity to fully enjoy them. The nature reserves are Rozanski kukovi, White and Samarske rocks on the mount Velebit. These are the areas where the human hand let the nature of their possessions, and only changed it vaguely.
For the speleologists is certainly interesting to know that there are large nomber of caves in the Croatian territory. Formed of limestone and dolomite stony relief, most of them are characterized by the rich contacts. The longest Croatian cave is a cave system Djula’s pit - Madvednica (16.4 km), and the deepest Luke's cave – Troja’s in the mount Velebit (1392 m). Panjkov’s caves Stupin’s pit, Klana’s pit and many other similar sites are great for the training of climbing techniques, under the supervision of professionals or acquainting with the underworld beauties.
Major cities are Zagreb, Split, Rijeka, Osijek, Pula, Dubrovnik, Zadar, Karlovac, Šibenik. Zagreb is the capital and also the largest city in Croatia with a population of one million, and today is the administrative, economic, cultural, and scientific center of Croatia.
Geographical information in numbers:
- Coastal sea area: 33.200 sq km
- Area of land and sea: 89,810 sq km
- Total commercial area: 113.680 sq km
- Length of terrestrial border: 2028 km
- Length of Coastline: 5,835 km (3625.70 mi)
- Length of continental coastline: 1.777 km (1104.18 mi)
- Length of islands coastline: 4058 km (2521.52 mi)